Development of Management Strategies for the Urban Environment with SWOT Approach: A Case Study in Iran


1 Department of Environmental Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Iran.

2 Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


The lack of proper strategies for the management of the urban environment has made the relevant organizations face with numerous and complex problems in this regard. The present study was conducted in Tabriz metropolis as one of the major cities in the northwest of Iran. Using Delphi method, strategies for the management of the urban environment including strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT), the results obtained could be used as the key strategies for the urban environment management. The analysis of variance and the comparison of the SO, ST, WO, and WT strategies showed that the differences between the groups are not statistically significant suggesting that all the strategies have the same priority. SO strategies and ST strategies had the highest mean scores.. The ANOVA results indicated that there are no significant in-group and inter-group differences between the strategies and all the strategies had the same priority.  The results showed that although all the studied urban environment management strategies have the same priorities for improving the present environment conditions of Tabriz, the strength opportunity (SO) strategies are the first priority among other strategies.