Studying the Hinosan toxin leak into underground water Studying the Hinosan toxin leak into underground water resources using GC-ECD and its elimination by active carbon


1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran.

2 2Department of chemistry, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

3 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Quchan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Quchan, Iran

4 Department of chemistry, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran


Contamination of water resources by pesticide toxins is considered as one of environmental issues which is because of plant pest diversity and subsequently use of various toxicants. In previous decades all over the world, the usage of organophosphorus toxins in order to preservation of agriculture products expanded. In Gilan province (Iran) there are numerous agriculture lands and gardens which are sprayed intermittently and since drinking water of the region residents is rather supplied by underground waters, then penetration of toxicants into the wells is possible. For this reason pesticide toxicants use could be a treat for drinking water supplying resources of this state. In the paper, samples of water from ten wells were collected and for measuring the quantities of toxicants, experiments were carried out during 4 seasons of year. Toxicant residues in samples were analyzed according to Gas Chromatography–Electron Capture Detector (GC-ECD) method. Due to phosphorous toxicant analyze results; it is revealed that in some cases precipitation amount has a great effect on toxicant concentration inside well water because of leaching higher layers. Also it is indicated that clay presence in soil due to toxicant holding and rain or flood occurrence cause to decrease and increase toxicant leak into the underground water respectively. Finally in order to Hinosan toxicant removal from water resources, active carbon has been utilized. The results indicated that adsorption by active carbon was of Langmuir type and this adsorbent effective cause to eliminate Hinosan toxin from water resources.


Alder L, Greulich K, Kempe G, Vieth B (2006) Residue analysis of 500 high priority pesticides: Better by GC–MS or LC–MS/MS? Mass Spectrom Rev 25:838-865.
Ballesteros E, Parrado MJ (2004) Continuous solid-phase extraction and gas chromatographic Available online at Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Branch Anthropogenic Pollution Journal, Vol. 2 (1), 2018: 59-68 DOI: 1234.APJ.2018.1.2.1124 APJ 2588-4646 determination of organophosphorus pesticides in natural and drinking waters.
J Chromatogr A 1029:267–273. Beltran J, Lopez FJ, Cepria O, Hernandez F (1998) Solid-phase microextraction for quantitative analysis of organophosphorus pesticides in environmental water samples. J Chromatogr A 808:257-263.
Brito NM, Navickiene S, Polese L, Jardim EF, Abakerli RB, Ribeiro ML (2002) Determination of pesticide residues in coconut water by liquid–liquid extraction and gas chromatography with electron-capture plus thermionic specific detection and solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection. J Chromatogr A 957:201–209.
Brooks GT (1974) Chlorinated insecticides. CRC Press, Cleveland. Farmanzadeh D, Rezainejad H (2016) Adsorption of diazinon and hinosan molecules on the iron-doped boron nitride nanotubes surface in gas phase and aqueous solution: A computational study Appl Surf Sci 364:862-869.
Fernandez-Alba AR, García-Reyes JF (2008) Large-scale multi-residue methods for pesticides and their degradation products in food by advanced LC-MS. Trends Anal Chem 27:973-990.
Ishizuka K, Takase I, Tan KE, Mitsui S (1972) Absorption and Translocation of O-Ethyl S, S-Diphenyl Phosphorodithiolate (Hinosan®) in Rice Plants. Agr Biol Chem 37:1307-1316.
Math JR, Jadaramkunti UC, Kaliwal BB (1998) Effect of edifenphos on follicular dynamics in albino rats. Indian J Exp Biol 36:39-42.
Ongley ED (1996) Control of water pollution from agriculture. Food & Agriculture Org, Burlington. Pimentel D, Lehman H (1993) The pesticide question: environment, economics, and ethics. Springer US, Germany.
Ridgway RL, Tinney JC, MacGregor JT, Starler NJ (1978) Pesticide use in agriculture. Environ Health Perspect 27:103-112.
Tilman D, Cassman KG, Matson PA, Naylor R, Polasky S (2002) Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature 418:671-677.
Wauchope RD (1978) The pesticide content of surface water draining from agricultural fields-a review. J Environ Qual 7:459-472.
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
February 2018
Pages 59-68
  • Receive Date: 01 July 2017
  • Revise Date: 06 October 2017
  • Accept Date: 19 December 2017
  • First Publish Date: 01 February 2018