Document Type : REVIEW PAPER
Department of Chemical Engineering, NorthTehran Center, Payam Nour University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Civil Engineering, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon
Pollution of water by heavy metals is a major problem such as mercury, lead, cadmium, cobalt, etc. The presence of toxic metals in the environment has detrimental effects on human and animal health and disrupts the balance and order of the ecosystem. Therefore, it is necessary to study the ways to eliminate these pollutants. The aim of this study was to compare nickel metal uptake by biological uptake methods with the help of bacterium and brown algae Sargasom, Focus and Grasilaria red algae and nanotechnology method. Based on the previous interpretations, the processes of removal of nickel from industrial wastewater was compared. Research question is that which method is more effective for removal of heavy metals? Results show that biosorption, as an environmentally friendly method, has a brilliant performance and is a low-cost internal method for wastewater treatment. The biological treatment of effluents is carried out by bacteria, some fungi, algae and protozoa to examine the conversion of effluent into a harmless state. Also results show that Iron-based nanostructured particles are capable of decomposing highly stable contaminants such as perchlorate compounds, air nitrate, heavy metals (nickel and mercury) and radioactive materials such as uranium dioxide. Nanostructured particles are used for immediate treatment of sediments, water treatment and liquid waste.