Water Quality Assessment Based on HFB I& BMWP Index In Karoon River ,Khouzestan Provience, (Northwest of Persian Gulf)

Document Type : REVIEW PAPER


department of fisheries, islamic azad university, abadan branch



Score-based biotic indices are widely used to evaluate the water quality of streams and rivers. The main objective of this study was the assessmentof the water quality of Karoon River throught biotic indices based on the Family Biotic Index (HFBI), and the Biological Monitoring Working Party Score System (BMWP). Macroinveratabrate communities are one of the most used groups in assessment of water quality, since they respond directively to the level of contamination of aquatic ecosystems. Sampling were performed in 4 stations (Menikh, Zhian Canal, Bahrakani and Dahaneh). Sampling was carried in each station over one year ( winter, spring, summer and autumn). Macroinvertebrates were collected by the grab quantitative sampller. Four phylaum (Nematoda, Annelidae, Mollusca and Arthropoda) distributed amoung 11 families were sampled. Station1 (Menikh) had the highest Macroinveratabrate diversity and richness. The highest density of aquatic invertabrates were recorded in winter (Annelidae 46%, Crustacea 28% ,Mullusca 21% and Diptera 5% ) and spring ( Mullusca 58%, Crustacea 27%,Nematoda 10% and Anellidae 5%) respectively. The BMWP index showed that the water quality was in the reguallar category (for Menikh, Zhian Canal and Bahrakani) and in the poor category (for Dahaneh). HFBI index pointed out the water quality was in the reguallar catagorry (for Menikh, Zhian Canal and Bahrakani) and poor category (for Dahaneh) . Biotic indices used reflected the changes to the water quality.


Armitage PD, Moss D, Wright JF and Furse MT. 1983, The performance of anew biological water      quality score system based on macroinvertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites. Water Research, (17) 3: 333-347. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0043135483901884
Afyouni M , Erfanimanesh M. 2012, Enviromental pollution, Water, Soil, Air. Arkan Danesh Publishing. 290p. (In Persian). 
Abaspour R, Hassanzadeh  H, Alizadeh  H.R,  Hedayatifard  M,  Mesgaran Karimi  J. 2013, Assessment of Cheshmeh Kileh River using benthic invertebrate’s communities and physicochemical factors of water. Journal of Aquaculture Development. 7(4),43-56. (In Persian). http://www.iaujournals.ir/article_515494_7495c2027c65c5da967865aa7ad6d6e1.pdf
Blomqvist  S. 1991, Quantitative sampling of soft-bottom sediments: problems and solutions. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 72: 295-304
Buckup L, Bueno AAP, Bond-Bukup  G, Casagrande  M and Majolo  F.  2007, The benthic macroinvertebrate fauna of highland streams in southern Brazil: composition, diversity and structure. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 24(2), pp. 294-301.
Bieger L, Carvalho ABP, Strieder MN, Maltchik  L  and Stenert C. 2010, Are the streams of the Sinos River basin of good water quality? Aquatic macroinvertebrates may answer the question. Brazilian journal of Biology, 70(4), 1207-1215.
Barros,  MP, Gayeski LM,  and JG. Tundisi JG. 2016, Benthic macroinvertebrate community in the Sinos river drainage basin, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Brazian Journal of Biolology. 76(4) , 942-950 .
 Czerniawska-Kusza  I. 2005, Comparing modified biological monitoring working party score system and several biological indices based on macro invertebrates for water-quality assessment. Limnologica.  35, 169-176.
Callisto M., Moretti  M. and Goulart M .D. C. 2001, Macroinvertebrados bentonicos como ferramenta para avaliar a saúde de riachos. Revista Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos. 6( 1): 71-82
Camargo JA, Gonzalo C.  2007, Physicochemical and biological changes downstream from a trout farmoutlet: Comparing 1986 and 2006 sampling surveys. Limnetica. 26(2): 405-414.
Carter, J.H.G., Cristian, R.A., Laurie, C.A., Rafael, A., Alexsander, S.B., et al. 2011, Synoptical Classification of the Bivalvia (Mollusca). Paleontological Contributions, 4, 1-49.
Duran  M. 2006, Monitoring water quality using benthic macroinvertebrates and physicochemical parameters of Behzat stream in Turkey. Polish Journal of Environmental studies, ( 15) 5: 709-717.
Dadgar  Sh, Chehrzad  F, Razmi  K. 2014, Investigation of the qualitative effects of Rainbow Trout breeding pools on Shahroud River using the quick biological benthic assessment index (Hilsenhoff). Journal of Animal Environment. 6 (3), 143-153. (In Persian).
Datry T,  Bonada  N,  Boulton  AJ.  2017, Intermittent Rivers and Ephemeral Streams Ecology and Management. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 1–20.
Ehlinger BR. 2003, Biological Assessment of Stream water Quality- the Example of the Reka River. Acta Carsologica. (15),201-202
Ebrahimi  E, Fathi P, GHodrati  F, Naderi  M, Pirali AR. 2017,  Assessment of Tajan River water quality with the use of biological and quality indicators. Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal.26 (5), 139-152. (In Persian).
Ebadati N. 2017, Statistical analysis of Dez River water quality, southwest of Iran. Anthropegonic Pollution. 1(1), 46-60.
Gholami K, Nabavi SMB. 2016, Influence the amount of Total Organic Matter (TOM) and grain sediment on dispersal of macro benthic community in Western Haffar River in Khoramshahr. Science and Environmental Technology. 17(3)  ,97-104. (In Persian).
Huang YY,  Teng DX  and Zhao ZX. 1982, Monitoring Jiyunhe estuary pollution by use of macro invertebrate community and diversity index. Sinozoologia. 2, 133-146.
Hilsenhoff  WL. 1988, Rapid field assessment of organic pollution with a family level biotic index.  Journal of North American Benthological Society. 7(1), 65-68.
Hatami  R, Mahbobi Sofiyani N, Ebrahimi E, Homami M. 2011, Assessment of Zayandehroud River water using BMWP index. Journal of Environmental Science.59, 43-54. (In Persian).
Jalili  M, Rezae V, Marnani H. 2012, Study of the structure of macro benthic communities in Kish Island coastal zone. Journal of Oceanography. 3(12), 1-9. (In Persian).
Karimi-Jashini A, Salari-Dargi M ,(2015). Quality categorization of river water (Case Study: karoon-Dez & Karkheh rives). Environment and Development. 5 (10), 29-38. (In Persian).
Keshvarzi  B, Mokhtarzadeh z, Morre F, Rastegari M, Lahijanzadeh A, Rostami S,  Kolahkaj  A.A, Panahpour E, Gholami A, (2017). Assessment of quality changes of Karoon River water parameters in 4 years period. Journal of Science & Water Engineering. 7(16), 132-140. (In Persian).
Maccafferty  P, Provonsha A,( 1981). Aquatic Entomology.the fishers and Ecologysts Illustrated Guide to Insect and Their Relativs. Jones and Bartlett Publishers London. 448 p.
Mombeini Sh, Nabavi  S.M.B ,  (2012). Study of the structure of macro benthic communities as indicators of pollution in Jarahii River. Journal of Science and Environmental Technology.4 (1), 117-125. (In Persian).
Madady Nia  M   , Monavari SM,  Karbasi  AR,  Baghernabavi SM,  Ragabzadeh E. 2014, Qualitative study of Karoon River water (Ahvaz Range) using water quality index. Journal of Science and Environmental Technology.16 (1), 49-60. (In Persian).
Mostafavi, H, Teimori A. 2018, Investigating multiple human pressure types in the southern Caspian Sea Basin Rivers at different spatial scales toward Integrating Water Resource Management (IWRM) in Iran. Anthropogenic Pollution Journal,  2(1): 38-47 
Moravej M, Karimirad  I ,   Ebrahimi  K. 2017, Assessing the quality of Karoon River based on water quality index and use of GIS. Journal of Eco hydrology. 4(1), 225-235. (In Persian).
Nemati  M.  2007, Water quality zoning and variation of benthic invertebrates in Zayandeh roud River. Thesis Bachelor. Isfahan University of Technology.135p. (In Persian).
Pescador ML, Rasmussen AK, Harris SC. 2004, Identification manual for the caddisfly larvae of Florida, department of environmental protection, entomology, center for water quality Florida  A & M University Tallahassee, Florida. 32307-4100.
Rosenberg, D. M. 1992, Fresh water biomonitoring and Chironomidae. Netherland journal of Aquatic Ecology,26  (2-4),101-122.
Reiss H, and   Kroncke  I. 2005, Seasonal variability of in faunal community structures in three areas of North Sea under different environmental condition, East coast shelf Science. 62, 253-247.
Rios-Touma  B  , Acosta  R and Prat N. 2014, The Andean Biotic Index (ABI): revised tolerance to pollution values for macroinvertebrate families and index performance evaluation. International Journal Tropical Biology.62 (2): 249-273.
Saunders J, Al-Zahed  Kh.M, Paterson D. 2007, The impact of organic pollution on themacrobenthic fauna of Dubai creek (UAE). Marine Pollution Bulletin. 54(11): 1715-1723.
Salari M,  Radmanesh  F, Zarei H. 2012, Quantitative and qualitative assessment of Karoon River resources using NSFQ index and AHP method. Journal of Human Enviroment.10 (4), 23-34. (In Persian).
Seyyedsharifi S A, Fataei E, Nadery Gh, Vatandoost S. 2014, .Biological Monitoring of Gharasou River by Using Macro Benthic Community Structure. Annual Research & Review in Biology 4(10): 1682-1690.
Seif A, Najmi  N.  2013, Detecting changes of meanders in Karoon River using multi-Temporal images of IRS and Landsat. Geographical Researches. 28(3), 211-226 (In Persian).
Sarafiyan, M., Abdi, M., AshjaArdalan, A. 2017, Identification of macrobenthose in the beginning of Kane River in Tehran Province. Journal of Biology Knowledge of Iran.12 (1), 25-39. (In Persian).
Stubbington  R, Paillex  A, England  J, Barthes E,  Bouchez A. 2019, A comparison of biotic groups as dry-phase indicators of ecological quality in intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams. Ecological Indicators, 97(2019) :165-174.
Tabatabaie T, Amiri F, Pazira A. 2009, Monitoring structure and biodiversity of benthic macrofauna community as pollution index on Mossa and Ghanam creek. Fisheries Bulletin. 3(4): 29-40. (in Persian).
Vosoghi E.R, Vatandoost S, Babazadeh M. 2014, Investigating the quality of water of the Kola roud River using macro benthos. Journal of Reproduction & Aquaculture. 2(5), 59-72. (In Persian).
Wally WJ and Hawkes HA. A. 1997, Computer-based development of the biological monitoring working party score system incorporating abundance rating site type and indicator value. Water Research, (15) 201-210.
Wang L, Seelbach P.W. and Hughes RM. 2006, Introduction to landscape influences on stream habitats and biological assemblages. American Fisheries Society Symposium (48): 1-23.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228879323_Landscape_Influences_on_Stream_Habitats_And_Biological_AssemblagesVosoghi E.R, Vatandoost S, Babazadeh M. 2014, Investigating the quality of water of the Kola roud River using macro benthos. Journal of Reproduction & Aquaculture. 2(5), 59-72. (In Persian).
Wally WJ and Hawkes HA. A. 1997, Computer-based development of the biological monitoring working party score system incorporating abundance rating site type and indicator value. Water Research, (15) 201-210.
Wang L, Seelbach P.W. and Hughes RM. 2006, Introduction to landscape influences on stream habitats and biological assemblages. American Fisheries Society Symposium (48): 1-23.
  • Receive Date: 27 August 2019
  • Revise Date: 22 October 2019
  • Accept Date: 26 October 2019
  • First Publish Date: 01 March 2020