Developing a method based on matrixes and multi-criteria decision making approaches for environmental assessment of dams (A Case study)



Tehran, Rey city, municipality, district 20



Environmental impact assessment is an integrated, operational and implemental approach for sustainable development. An attitude is considered in which as an integrated system, everything is got into sustainability in the environment and with the environment, as well. Environmental assessment is a tool that has been developed to prevent environmental degradation caused by human activities. Environmental impact assessment is an approach to evaluate the environmental impacts of a project before and during the project implementation. Therefore, we need to develop a practical and quantitative method to provide a precise planning in order to estimate the effects of a dam and ultimately, to make a decision on the implementation or non- implementation of the project if knowing the impact of all activities on environmental factors. Therefore, we introduced a generalized mathematical model of ICOLD matrix and multi-criteria decision making method (method of analytic hierarchy process) as a quantitative model to analyze the project’s impacts on the environment. For this purpose, the environmental impact assessment information of the Zaraj-Abad dam, as the study area, was used to demonstrate the validity of the model. Results show that unlike the main implemented method in the dam Zaraj-Abad, who gives the “implement the Dam project” option, this method shows negative effects (45%) of the implementation of the dam on the environment and gives the option of non- implementation.


Main Subjects

Abazr, H., Bisset, R., & Sadler, B. (2008). Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment: Towards an Integrated Approach: UNEP Publication.
Alipour Erdi, M, Fataei E, Ramezani  ME, Ravan Nakhjavani H, (2017) Spatial-Systematic Analysis Approach for Conservation Purposes, Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 1(1):37-46.
Azarab Andish Consulting Engineers (2012). Environmental impact assessment of constructing a dam on the Zaraj Abad River. Iran. (pp. 7): ministry of energy, Ardabil Regional Water Authority.
Erlewin, A. (2013). Disappearing rivers- The limits of environmental assessment for hydropower in India. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 43, 135-143.
Falahatkar, S., Sadeqi, A., & Sofyanian, A. (2010). Environmental impact assessment of Qmyshlou highway construction using ICOLD matrix and Check list Land use Planing magazine, 2(2), 110-132.
Fataei E and Sheikh Jabbari H, (2005). Study of environmental impact assessment of the 2nd industrial TownShip of Ardabil. Environmental Science (in persian), 2 (7), 29-44.
Fataei E, Seiied Safavian ST,  (2017)Comparative study on efficiency of ANP and PROMETHEE methods in locating MSW landfill sites, Anthropogenic Pollution Journal,1(1):40-45
Karamouz, M., & Karachian, R. (2003). Quality Planning and Management of Water Resources Systems: University of Amirkabir Publish.
Karimi S, Salehi moayed M, Jafari H R, (2008). A new method on exploitation of drainage areas in arid regions (Case study of Marvast's dam). Journal of Ecology, 34(47), 87-98.
Maanifar, M.R. and Fataei, E. (2015) Environmental Assessment of Municipal landfills (Case Study: East Azerbaijan Province/Iran). Advances in Bioresearch, 6, 52-58.
Mohammadi M, Fataei E, (2019) Comparative life cycle assessment of municipal wastewater treatment systems: lagoon and activated sludge   Caspian journal of Environmental Science, 17(4): 327-336.
Nikmardan, A. (2007). Introduction Expert choice 11 software: Jahad daneshgahi of Amirkabir university.
Parsajou, H., & Fataei, E. (2019). Environmental assessment of the life cycle of sludge treatment systems of ardabil and khalkhal wastewater treatment plants. AMIRKABIR JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING (AMIRKABIR), 51(2 ), 243-255.
Piry, H. (2011). Environmental impact assessment of the fourth quarter’s well dam in Zabol- Iran. Quarterly Journal of the land use planning, 3(15), 145-163.
Qodsi pour, H. (2006). Analytical Hierarchy process: University of Amirkabir publish.
Sait  Tahmicioglu, M., Anul, N., Ekmekci, F., & Durmus, N. (2007). Positive and negative impact of dams on the environment. Paper presented at the International Congress on River Basin Management, Turkey,
Tullos, D. (2009). Assessing the influence of environmental impact assessments on science and policy: An analysis of the Three Gorges Project. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(Supplement 3), 208-223.
Vosoughifar HR, Mirabi K, Jalalzadeh A, (2018) Evaluating a Novel Approach of Finite Volume Method for Discretization of Seepage Equation in Embankment Dams, Case study: Sonboleroud dam, Anthropogenic Pollution Journal, 2(2): 33-40
Wang Q, G., Y Y, H., Du , & Chen K, Q. (2012). Environmental Impact Post-Assessment of Dam and Reservoir Projects: A Review. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 13, 1439-1443.
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Serial Number 8
April 2021
Pages 150-159
  • Receive Date: 03 March 2021
  • Revise Date: 19 April 2021
  • Accept Date: 19 April 2021
  • First Publish Date: 19 April 2021