Risk assessment of PM2.5 on the health of citizens (Case study: district 10 of Tehran)

Document Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

1 Department of Environmental Management, Environmental Law, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Law, Payame-e-Noor University of Southern Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Law, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ap.2021.1939797.1117

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the environmental and health risk of PM2.5 microns in district 10 of Tehran. Initially, data related to the year 2019 were collected and analyzed through pollutant measurement at the regional level. Based on Kriging's interpolation the corresponding raster was produced and classified according to the minimum and maximum range. Finally, according to the air quality index, the level of importance of health safety was classified and the relevant map was prepared. Through the IO technique, the location layer of sensitive and vulnerable land uses and the carbon monoxide contaminant zoning layer were mapped. Results showed that District 10 of Tehran with the average concentration of 42µg/m3 is the most polluted area in terms of this contaminant in Tehran. Also, most of the PM2.5 pollutants belong to the northern, southern and western half of the region. Also, December was the most polluted month of the year with an average concentration of 56μg/m3. From the point of view of the air quality index based on the type of pollutants, the area had 104 days of unhealthy and unhealthy days for sensitive groups. Environmental and health risk assessment of these pollutants indicates that according to William Fine method, the risk number is 105, which indicates the average risk level. Therefore, it requires corrective and emergency risk control measures.

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  • Receive Date: 07 September 2021
  • Revise Date: 20 October 2021
  • Accept Date: 11 November 2021
  • First Publish Date: 28 November 2021