Document Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER
Department of Public International Law, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Law, UAE Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Seas have a special place in human life; In order to meet its needs to any extent, it has always considered the seas as one of the important geopolitical resources and today, regardless of the important role of the seas in other areas such as temperature regulation and food supply, this water area is the choice. It is the primary and irreplaceable human species for trans boundary transportation of goods. The purpose of this study is to identify the role of international environmental law in the protection of the seas. This research is a review that has been done through extensive studies. The results indicate that the attention to the transportation of dangerous goods is noteworthy because of their destructive and potential effects on the marine environment. The type of transportation and safe storage of hazardous materials in ports is an important issue emphasized by all governments and international maritime organizations. The international responsibility of governments and international organizations for marine pollution can be considered as one of the main causes of the evolution and development of international environmental law in this field. In addition, the damage caused by the maritime transport of hazardous materials is different from the maritime transport of other materials, and this requires the international community to provide effective means of managing the transport of hazardous materials with the most destructive effect. Put on the marine environment, adopt.