Comparison of the application of Heavy metals adsorption methods from aqueous solutions for development of sustainable environment

Document Type : REVIEW PAPER


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, NorthTehran Center, Payam Nour University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon



Pollution of water by heavy metals is a major problem such as mercury, lead, cadmium, cobalt, etc. The presence of toxic metals in the environment has detrimental effects on human and animal health and disrupts the balance and order of the ecosystem. Therefore, it is necessary to study the ways to eliminate these pollutants. The aim of this study was to compare nickel metal uptake by biological uptake methods with the help of bacterium and brown algae Sargasom, Focus and Grasilaria red algae and nanotechnology method. Based on the previous interpretations, the processes of removal of nickel from industrial wastewater was compared. Research question is that which method is more effective for removal of heavy metals? Results show that biosorption, as an environmentally friendly method, has a brilliant performance and is a low-cost internal method for wastewater treatment. The biological treatment of effluents is carried out by bacteria, some fungi, algae and protozoa to examine the conversion of effluent into a harmless state. Also results show that Iron-based nanostructured particles are capable of decomposing highly stable contaminants such as perchlorate compounds, air nitrate, heavy metals (nickel and mercury) and radioactive materials such as uranium dioxide. Nanostructured particles are used for immediate treatment of sediments, water treatment and liquid waste.


Adams AD, (1975) Activated carbon old solution toold problem part 1,2. J. w.s.w, 118( 8-9): 46-48, 78- 80.
Ahmadi Asbochin S, (2015) Comparison of nickel synthetic study and biological adsorption by bacteria and red algae and brown. Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. 34(3). 41-46.
Aksu Z, Acikel U, Kabasakal E, Tezer S, (2002) Equilibrium modeling of individual and simultaneous biosorption of chromium(VI) and nickel(II) onto dried activated sludge. Water Res, 36: 3036-3073. Arup k, Senguptx ED, (1995) Ion exchange technology: Advances in pollution control. Technomic Publishing Company, Inc., Lancaster, PA, U.S, 399.. Asmi N, (1999) Preventing the loss of chromium in the plating industry and examining the possibility of recycling it by ion exchange method, M.Sc. Thesis, University of Tehran. Bahnemann D, (2004) Photocatalytic water treatment: Solar energy applications. Sol Energy, 77: 445-9. Baird C, (1995). Environmental chemistry. W.H. Freeman and company. New York. Banshi MM, (2002) Investigation of Anionic Resin Performance in Simultaneous Removal of Organic and Mineral Pollutants from Water. Master Thesis, Faculty of Health, University of Tehran. Bolong N, (2000) A review of the effect of emerging contamination in wastewater and options for their removal. Desalination. 239: 229-46. Anthropogenic Pollution Journal, Vol 4 (2), 2020: 15-27 26 Brady D, Stoll A, Ducan JR, (1994) Biosorption of Heavy Metal cations by non-viable yeast biomass. Environmental Technology. 15: 248-249. Cain M, Morrell R, (2001) Nanostructured ceramics: a review of their potential. Appl Organomet Chem, 15: 321-30. Chen G, (2004) Electrochemical technologies in wastewater treatment, separation and purification. Technology, 38: 11-41. Chicgoua N, Sabine C, Richard C, (2012) Nanoscale Metallic Iron for Environmental Remediation: Prospects and Limitations. Water Air Soil Pollut, 223:1363–82. Choe S, Chang Y.Y, Hwang K.Y, Khim J, (2000) Kinetics of reductive denitrification by nanoscale zero-valent iron. J Chemosphere, 41(8): 1307-11. Chutia P, Kato S, Kojima T, Satokawa S, (2009) Arsenic adsorption from aqueous solution on synthetic zeolites. J Hazard Matter, 162: 440-47. Dabrowski A, Hubicki Z, (2004) Selective removal of the heavy metal Ions from waters and Industrial waste waters by Ion-exchange method. ChemospHere, 91-106. Davis T.A, Volesky B, Vieira R.H.S.F, (2000) Sargassum seaweed as biosorbent for heavy metals. Water Res, 34: 4270-4278. Diniz V, Volesky B, (2005) Biosorption of La, Eu and Yb using Sargassum biomass. Water Res, 39: 239-247. Dyer A, Hudson MJ, Williams PA, (1997) PROGRESS progress in ion exchange advances and applications. 1st Edition, Kindle Edition. Garcia S, Ake C, Clement B, Huebuer H, Donnelly K, Shalat S (2001) (Garcia S, C. Ake, B. Clement, H. Huebuer, K. Donnelly, S.Shalat. Initial results of environmental Monitoring in the Texas Rio Grande Valley. Environ Int, 26(7-8): 465-74. Gupta R, Ahuja P, Khan S, Sexena, R.K, Mohapatra H, (2000) Microbial biosorbents: Meeting challenges of heavy metal pollution in aqueous solutions. Current Science, 78:967-973. Harland C.E, (2012) Ion Exchange: theory and practice, 2nd Edition. Holan Z.R, Volesky B, Prasetyo I, (1993) Biosorption of Cd by biomass of marine algae. Biotech. Bioeng, 41: 819-825. Hassani A.H, (2000) PhD Thesis in Environmental Engineering. Investigating the Performance of Continuous Operating Continuous Reactors (SBR) in the Treatment of Industrial Wastewater containing Phenolic Compounds. Jalali R, Ghafourian H, Asef Y, Davarpanah, S.J, Sepehr S, (2002) Removal and recovery of lead using nonliving biomass of marine algae. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 92: 253-262. Kuyucak N, Volesky B, (1989) Desorption of cobalt-laden algal biosorbent. Biotechnol. Bioeng, 33(7): 815-823. Li X.Q, Zhang W.X, (2006) Iron Nanoparticles: The Core-Shell Structure and Unique Properties for Ni(II) Sequestration. Langmuir, 22(10): 4638-42. Liou Y.H, Lo S.L, Lin C.J, Kuan W.H, Weng S.C, (2005) Chemical reduction of an unbuffered nitrate solution using catalyzed and uncatalyzed nanoscale iron particles. J of Hazard Mater, 127 (1): 102- 10. Li Y, Somorjai G.A, (2010) Nanoscale advances in catalysis and energy applications. Nano Lett, 10(7): 2289–95. Loukidou M.X., Zouboulis A.I, Karapantsios T.D, Matis K.A, (2004) Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of chromium (VI) biosorption by Aeromonas caviae. Collids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 242: 93-104. Malek Ahmad A.H, (2002) Master Thesis. Investigating the performance of continuous sequential operation (SBR) reactors in the treatment of industrial effluents containing heavy metals, mercury and cadmium. Marhol M, (1982) Ion Exchangers in analytical chemistry. Their properties and use in inorganic chemistry. Volume 4, 1st Edition. Elsevier Science, 585. Mohammadi-Aloucheh R, Alaee Mollabashi Y, Asadi A, Baris O, Golamzadeh S, (2018) The role of nanobiosensors in identifying pathogens and environmental hazards, Anthropogenic Pollution Journal, 2 (2): 16-25. Paul AB, (1996) Electrolytic treatment of turbid water in package plant. WEDC conference. NewDehli. Paul, AB, (1996). Electrolytic treatment of turbid water in package plant. in: Pickford, J. et al. (eds). Reaching the unreached - Challenges for the 21st century. Proceedings of the 22nd WEDC International Conference, New Delhi, India, 9-13. Anthropogenic Pollution Journal, Vol 4 (1), 2020: 15-27 27 Robertaccio F.L, Flynn B.P, (1976) Truth or consequences: biological fouling and other consideration in the PAC-AS system. 31th purdue industrial waste conference, 855-862. Salmani M.H, Ehrampoush M.H, Aboiian M, (2013) Comparison between Ag (I) and Ni (II) removal from synthetic nuclear power plant coolant water by iron oxide nanoparticles. J Health Eng Sci, 11(1): 21. Sarioglu M, (2004) Removal of ammonium from municipal waste water using natural Turkish (Dogantepe) Zeolite. separation and purification Technology, 41(1):1-11. Savage N, Diallo M.S, (2005) Nanomaterials and water purification: opportunities and challenges. J Nanoparticle Res, 7: 331–42. Schrick B, Blough J.L, Jones A.D, Mallouk T.E, (2002) Nanotechnology for water treatment application. Chem. Mater, 14: 5140. Shohoudi M, (2004) Investigating the possibility of removing copper and nickel from industrial plating wastewater and recycling it as salts using T.M.A. type mineral mineral resin. Master Thesis. University of Tehran. Takafuj M, Ide H, Ihara S, Xu Z, (2004) Noncrystalline L-Phenylalanine-Silica Hybrid Composite Materials. Chem. Mater, 16(10): 1977-83. Tsezos M, Volesky B, (1982) The mechanism of uranium biosorption. Biotechnol. Bioeng, 24: 385-392. Volesky B, (1990) Biosorption of Heavy Metals. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA. Volesky B., Kuyucak, N, (1998) Biosorbents for gold. US Patent, No 4, 769, 223. Volesky B, (2001) Detoxification of metal-bearing effluents: biosorption for the next century. Hydrometallurgy, 59: 203-216. Yan G, Viraraghavan T, (2003) Heavy metal removal from aqueous solution by fungus Mucor rouxii, Water Res, 37: 4486-4496. Wang L, Li J, Jiang Q, Zhao L, (2012) Water-soluble Fe3O4 nanoparticles with high solubility for removal of heavy-metal ions from waste water. Dalton Trans, 41: 4544-51. Wang L.Y, Luo J, Maye M.M, Fan Q, Qiang R.D, (2005) Iron oxide-gold core shell nanoparticles and thin film assembly. J Mater Chem, 15(18): 1821-32. Wase J, Forster C, (1997) Biosorbents for Metal Ions. Taylor and Francis Ltd. Xiong Z, Zhao D, Pan G, (2007) Rapid and complete destruction of perchlorate in water and ionexchange brine using stabilized zero-valent iron nanoparticles. Water Res, 41(15): 3497–505.