Optimal location of electrical generation from urban solid waste for biomass power plants

Document Type : REVIEW PAPER


1 department of mechanics, islamic azad university, germi, iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran

3 Department of mathematics, Germi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Germi, Iran.



Today, with the increase in population, the use of fossil fuels has also increased, On the other hand, this increase in population has led to the production of more urban waste, which is itself the source of environmental pollution. One of the ways to reduce waste pollution is to use it to generate useful energy such as electricity, which reduces pollution and provides part of the required electrical load. In this study, the study area of Hamadan city is considered to have an average urban waste production of about 420 tons/month. Homer software has been used to analyze the amount of electricity produced, and economic and environmental analysis has also been done. One of the outstanding results of the research is the production of 229,735 kW/year of electrical energy. Electricity generation with biomass resources will reduce Co2 and Co emissions by 77.2 and 7.96 kg/year, respectively. That cost of energy(COE) for this system is 0.177$/kWh.


Al Afif R, Linke B, (2019). Biogas production from three-phase olive mill solid waste in lab-scale continuously stirred tank reactor. Energy, 171:1046-1052.
Alayi R, Sobhani E, Najafi A, (2020). Analysis of Environmental Impacts on the Characteristics of Gas Released from Biomass. Anthropogenic Pollution Journal, 4(1): 1-14.
Chambon CL, Karia T, Sandwell P, Hallett JP, (2020). Techno-economic assessment of biomass gasification-based mini-grids for productive energy applications: The case of rural India. Renewable Energy, 154:432-444. Díaz-Trujillo LA, Nápoles-Rivera F, (2019). Optimization of biogas supply chain in Mexico considering economic and environmental aspects. Renewable energy, 139: 1227-1240. Da Costa AK, Vaz ÉF, Piotrowski LJ, Dahmer RD, Canha LN, Farret FA, (2019, September). Electrical Impacts of the Distributed Generation with Incineration of Urban Solid Waste. In 2019 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference-Latin America (ISGT Latin America): 1-6. IEEE. Fataei E, Seiied Safavian SS, (2017) Management of Production, Storage, Collection, Recycling, Site Selection and Landfill Design for Municipal Solid Waste, Ardabil, Iran, Islamic Azad University, P.854. Gao CK, Na HM, Song KH, Dyer N, Tian F, Xu Q J, Xing YH, (2019). Environmental impact analysis of power generation from biomass and wind farms in different locations. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 102: 307-317. Hamzah N, Tokimatsu K, Yoshikawa K, (2019). Solid fuel from oil palm biomass residues and municipal solid waste by hydrothermal treatment for electrical power generation in Malaysia: a review. Sustainability, 11(4): 1060. Hemmati S, Fataei E, Imani AA, (2019) Effects of Source Separation Education on Solid Waste Reduction in Developong Countries( A Case Study: Ardabil, Iran), The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, 45(3):267-272. He J, Zhu R, Lin B, (2019). Prospects, obstacles and solutions of biomass power industry in China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 237, 117783. Hiloidhari M, Baruah DC, Kumari M, Kumari S, Thakur IS, (2019). Prospect and potential of biomass power to mitigate climate change: A case study in India. Journal of Cleaner Production, 220: 931-944. HOMER pro V3.7 User Manual [www.homerenergy.com/pdf/HOMERHelpManual.pdf], accessed on February 2019. Anthropogenic Pollution Journal, Vol 4 (2), 2020: 44-51 51 Iniyan S, Jebaraj S, Suganthi L, Samuel AA, (2020). Energy models for renewable energy utilization and to replace fossil fuels. Methodology, 67: 28-37. Kasaeian A, Shamel A, Alayi R, (2015). Simulation and economic optimization of wind turbines and photovoltaic hybrid system with storage battery and hydrogen tank (case study the city of Yazd). Journal of current research in science, 3(5): 105. Khalil M, Berawi MA, Heryanto R, Rizalie A, (2019). Waste to energy technology: The potential of sustainable biogas production from animal waste in Indonesia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 105:323- 331. Maanifar MR, Fataei E, (2015). Environmental Assessment of Municipal landfills (Case study: East Azerbaijan Province/Iran). Advances in Bioresearch, 6(3). Mohammadi M, Jämsä‚ÄźJounela SL, Harjunkoski I, (2019). Sustainable supply chain network design for the optimal utilization of municipal solid waste. AIChE Journal, 65(7): e16464. Morero B, Montagna AF, Campanella EA, Cafaro DC, (2020). Optimal process design for integrated municipal waste management with energy recovery in Argentina. Renewable Energy, 146:2626-2636. Moreno VC, Iervolino G, Tugnoli A, Cozzani V, (2020). Techno-economic and environmental sustainability of biomass waste conversion based on thermocatalytic reforming. Waste Management, 101: 106-115. Mortensen AW, Mathiesen BV, Hansen AB, Pedersen SL, Grandal RD, Wenzel H, (2020). The role of electrification and hydrogen in breaking the biomass bottleneck of the renewable energy system–A study on the Danish energy system. Applied Energy, 275: 115331. Noori NA, Ismail ZZ, (2019). Process optimization of biogas recovery from giant reed (Arundo donax) alternatively pretreated with acid and oxidant agent: experimental and kinetic study. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery: 1-15. Shah SAA, (2020). Feasibility study of renewable energy sources for developing the hydrogen economy in Pakistan. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 45(32): 15841-15854. Situmorang YA, Zhao Z, Yoshida A, Abudula A, Guan G, (2020). Small-scale biomass gasification systems for power generation (< 200 kW class): A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 117: 109486. Torres PJP, Venturini OJ, Palacio JCE, Silva RAC, Renó MLG, (2019). Biomass based Rankine cycle, ORC and gasification system for electricity generation for isolated communities in Bonfim city, Brazil. IET Renewable Power Generation, 13(5), 737-743. Wolde-Rufael Y, Weldemeskel EM, (2020). Environmental policy stringency, renewable energy consumption and CO2 emissions: Panel cointegration analysis for BRIICTS countries. International Journal of Green Energy: 1-15. Yousefloo A, Babazadeh R, (2020). Designing an integrated municipal solid waste management network: A case study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 244: 118824. Yuan J, Luo X, Ding X, Liu C, Li C, (2019). Biomass power generation fuel procurement and storage modes evaluation: A case study in Jilin. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 111: 75-86. Zhang C, Xu Y, (2020). Economic analysis of large-scale farm biogas power generation system considering environmental benefits based on LCA: A case study in China. Journal of Cleaner Production: 120985.